Prof. Eli Mizrahi, a renowned expert in geriatrics and psychogeriatrics from the Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, explains that memory disorders can be divided into two distinct categories: benign and mild. The former, known as “remembering” disorder, is characterized by the presence of information in the brain but difficulty retrieving it. This condition is common among older adults, and approximately one to two percent of those who experience it may later develop dementia. On the other hand, Age Associated Memory Impairment (AAMI) refers to a decrease in short-term memory that could potentially lead to dementia or Alzheimer’s disease in 12% of cases.
Prof. Mizrahi distinguishes between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, highlighting that dementia is a decline in mental capacity that affects daily functioning. He notes that dementia resulting from Alzheimer’s disease initially targets higher functions before progressing to impair basic actions as it advances.
Recent concerns have been raised about President Joe Biden’s forgetfulness and whether it suggests a cognitive issue. Prof. Mizrahi, who specializes in neurology and Alzheimer’s disease, asserts that assessing Biden’s cognitive state based solely on press conferences is not sufficient. However, he recommends further investigation into his daily cognitive function due to confusion with names, particularly those related to critical topics, which raises concern.
Prof. Mizrahi emphasizes the importance of consulting with Biden’s family members and staff to gain insight into his cognitive function beyond mere confusion with names. He suggests paying attention to signs of cognitive decline in daily activities and interactions when evaluating his cognitive state comprehensively.